This Site is Dedicated as a Tribute and as a Legacy in Celebration and Loving Memory of the Life and Times of Grand Master Martin Lunn who left this mundane world in April of 2005

Martin was intelligent, genuine and generous
, an inspiration to many.and a True Gentleman.
He traveled extensively around the world and was fluent in half a dozen languages. 
He had a passion for knowledge and concerned himself with environmental issues and the future of our planet. 

He was a bestselling author, an expert historian, (specialising in Dragon history), and the Grand Master of 'Societas Draconis', the Dragon Society.

Martin is profoundly missed by us all and yet our hearts sing with joy for the freedom his Noble Spirit has found.

"Those who live in the Hearts of Others can Never Die"


'Da Vinci Code Decoded'
by Martin Lunn


The Da Vinci Code
has been not only the most successful book of its kind ever, but also the most controversial.

Now Martin Lunn, an expert historian, reveals the truth behind Dan Brown's research. The reality of Catholic offshoot Opus Dei . . . the hard facts about the bloodline of Christ and King David . . . the origins of the Knights Templar and the infamous Priory of Sion . . . the secrets of Temple Church and Rosslyn Cathedral . . . the real Sauna¨re . . . the mysteries of Rennes-le-Chateau .... and much more.

Da Vinci Code Decoded also provides an exhaustive tour of the locations visited by the novel's characters: The Louvre Museum, l'Eglise de Saint-Sulpice and Rue Haxo in Paris; Chateau Villette; Temple Church; Westminster Abbey; Newton's tomb; Chapter House; St. Faith's Chapel; Rosslyn Chapel and many others.

ISBN-10: 0972952977

'Realm of the Ring Lords'
By Laurence Gardner

This book traces the extraordinary symbolism and influence of the Ring Lords, as well as of the Grail mythology, throughout man's history, from their beginnings 6,000 years ago in ancient Sumer with the Anunnaki, as covered in great detail in the previous book Genesis of the Grail Kings, all the way to modern times and to everything from Dracula to Lorna Doone.

Along the way, the reader meets a vast assortment of vital cultural influences, from the works of J.R.R. Tolkien and the Arthurian romances to Robin Hood himself, from the elves, fairies, pixies, leprechauns, sprites, gnomes, and goblins of the world of the Elphame to Spencer's The Faerie Queen, from the Dragon Queens of ancient Mesopotamia to the symbolism of the Tarot. and even from the ring cycle of Norse mythology to the origins of the modern werewolf.

It's a fascinating journey, and the book shows in great detail how all of these cultural icons are based in fact on the Shining Ones -- the Messianic or Grail bloodline of the Anunnaki dating back to ancient Sumer, a bloodline that has been thoroughly explicated in his two previous books, Bloodline of the Holy Grail and Genesis of the Grail Kings.

As Alfred, Lord Tennyson, as well as Richard Wagner and J.R.R. Tolkien, well knew, the quests for the Ring and the Grail are essentially one and the same.
And this book brings them together, and in great detail, for the very first time.

'The Dragon Legacy'
The Secret History of an Ancient Bloodline
By Nicholas Devere

The 'Dragon Legacy' outlines in detail the history of an Ancient Bloodline, revealing many mysteries from our past, including the importance of Dragon bloodlines. the kind of magic that once existed and how it was lost.

The highly acclaimed works of the late
Prince Nicholas de Vere von Drakenberg
are also available at the following links:


We are a Collective of many Minds, following a Myriad of varied Paths, engaged in researching and studying various aspects of Metaphysical and Alchemical forms of Esoteric Knowledge, as well as Ancient Customs and Cultures and we share this with those who genuinely and earnestly seek it.

By either requesting or accepting Membership within Societas Draconis, you are agreeing to be available for esoteric discussion and exploration.
This may be simply answering a Seeker's queries about your own Path, or to assist or guide other Seekers on their chosen Path.
This may take several forms --- from something as small as posting a message, providing a link, or  something larger in scope, such as mentoring others.

This Path might be for you. It might not.

Only you can judge.

If it strikes a spark, then let it ignite something wonderful.

  If you are genuinely interested in a more formal association with the Dragon Society, you are welcome to contact us by registering and leaving a message at the PENDRAGON INN
where we will discuss the matter with you further.

The Dragon Symbolizes the Divine Spirit that resides in the Heart of Every Being ...

Lying dormant in most, 'Dragon Consciousness' is only active in those who diligently, purposefully and intelligently awaken their Spiritual Potential

The word "Dragon" entered the English language in the early 13th century from the Latin "draconem" meaning "huge serpent, dragon," from the Greek word "drakon" neaning "serpent, giant seafish", which is believed to have come from an earlier stem "drak", a stem of derkesthai, "to see clearly," which in turn derives from the Proto Indo-European "derk" "to see" or "the one with the dread glance." The old German word for Dragon, 'lindwurm', literally means 'snake-worm'.
The ancient Anglo-Saxon word 'Wyrm' has been translated as meaning any of 'Dragon', 'Serpent', or 'Worm'.

Consequently, the distinctions between words that describe Dragons and Serpents are often blurred, and are to some degree interchangeable.

All over the World we see can Track the Trail of the Serpent.
Serpent Worship in one form or another has appeared in every single culture in every corner of the Earth. The Serpent mounds of the American Indian, Quetzalcoatl, the Feathered Serpent and the carved-stone snakes of Central and South America, Python, the Great Snake of the Greeks, the Sacred Serpents of the Druids, Jörmungandr, the Midgard Serpent of Scandinavia, the Nagas of Burma, Siam, and Cambodia, the hooded Cobras of India, the Brazen Serpent of the Jews, the Mystic Serpent of Orpheus, the Serpents at the Oracle of Delphi, the Sacred Serpents preserved in the Egyptian Temples, the Uraeus coiled upon the foreheads of the Pharaohs, Queens, Priestesses and Priests.
The Serpent is found upon the Temple of Naki-Rustan in Persia, on the triubmphal arch at Pechin, in China, over the gates of the great Temple of Chaundi Teeva, in Java and upon the walls of Athens, the portals of Egyptian Temples, decorated with the hieroglyph of the Circle and the Serpent.

All of these bear witness to the Universal Veneration and High Esteem in which the Serpent was held.

In the Ancient Mystery Schools the Serpent-entwined Staff of Hermes was the Symbol of Healing and, indeed, still it remains so, even to the present day, for it is the emblem of the modern medical profession.

The Initiates of the Mysteries were referred to as Serpents or Pythons, and their Wisdom was very highly regarded, indeed 
Among all Ancient peoples the Serpent was accepted as the Symbol of Wisdom.

Serpent Knowledge, also known as Dragon Consciousness is True to the Principle of Wisdom, for it gives humanity the Knowledge of the True Self

Dragon Consciousness in its core essence, means living in an Ascended State of Awareness. 

Living in such an enlightened state elevates one's viewpoint, enables true understanding and promotes peace of mind, naturally leads to elevation of Spirit which brings into harmonious existence a vibrant and dynamic social construct.
Such a society could well be described as


It is recognized that an increasing number of people are searching for the original, uncluttered roots of their Ancestry and seeking to discover a meaningful purpose within the social structures of today.

They are also seeking more effective forms of administration to combat the all too apparent decline of social and moral values .

They are, in fact, Questing for the Holy Grail.

The Quest for Enlightenment is considerably heightened by the new millennium and there is a widespread perception that this should be an Era of regeneration, wherein the precepts of the Grail Code are acknowledged and practiced - the precepts of Nobility, Equity and Justice.

Nobility comes from the Soul:
It is one’s actions that make one Noble.
This means we must not confuse Nobility with titles, even though great importance has always been given to demonstrating having an illustrious surname or belonging to a noble family, to avoid damaging the historic dignity the family held over the years.
Today, Nobility only has a meaning if it continues the virtuous practice of traditional values which have always been the sovereign hallmark of recognition of those of noble title.

Equity and Justice are qualities of Being based on the application of the dictates of conscience and the principles of natural justice.
Behaving justly means acting with honesty; fidelity and integrity in all matters and expressing truth and reality in all dealings.
Justice can be thought of as distinct from and more fundamental than benevolence, charity, mercy, generosity or compassion, rendering to each their due or right according to their conduct or motives.

It is in these respects that Societas Draconis is most dynamic, supporting at all times the sovereign rights of individuals and their responsibility to protect life and liberty, which are inherent within that sovereignty, while pursuing avenues of previously suppressed knowledge for the benefit and edification of all.


Alchemical philosophy is often referred to as Hermetic thought. Many books talk about the Hermetic school of Tuthmosis III of Egypt, who reigned about 1450 BC. But it is not generally known that the school he originally inherited was the Royal Court of the Dragon. Founded by the priests of Mendes in about 2200 BC, it was subsequently revived by the 12th Dynasty Queen Sobekhnefru.

Hungarian legend says this sovereign and priestly Order passed from Egypt to the Kings of Jerusalem, to the Black Sea Princes of Scythia and into the Balkans.

Today it exists as the Imperial and Royal Court of the Dragon Sovereignty, and after some 4,000 years it is the oldest sovereign Court in the world. The Pendragon line migrated to England from this lineage.

The first Dragon Court patron was the Egyptian priest-prince Ankhfn Khonsu (2170 BC). The Pharaonic institution of the Twelfth Dynasty was Queen Sobekh Nefru’s in 1785 BC.

The Royal Court Of The Dragon provided an institution for the pursuit of the work of the Dragon of Al-Khem otherwise known as Thoth or Hermes. From Al-Khem we have alchemy, the Great Work of the Dragon, with its classic texts, The Emerald Tablets and The Pymander.

The Dragon kings supported by the court have rightfully ruled many nations and empires throughout history.  The Imperial and Royal Dragon Court, reconstituted by King Sigismund as the Societas Draconis, was based on an entitlement Sigismund assumed he inherited from his presumed Egyptian and Scythian ancestors through the Pictish, Dragon Princess Maelasanu of Northumbria and the Ancient and Original Angevin Royal House of Vere of Anjou, the Imperial Dukes of Angiers.

This line descended through the Tuatha de Danaan (the Dragon Kings of Anu) on the one hand, and the Egyptian Dragon Dynasty of Sobek on the other. The latter strain included the bloodline of the Davidic House of Judah who married into the descent of the Merovingian Kings of the Franks.

Following its formal Hungarian inception in 1408, the Court recruited members from a number of prominent royal and noble houses. Historians claim these were not particularly known for their religious orthodoxy, including the later House of Vere. It was the BBritish Plantagenet era when the Dragon Court was formally reconstituted, a time of wars and general political turmoil.

Having presumptuously and perhaps erroneously assumed to have inherited the bloodline legacy in 1397, Sigismund drew up a pact with twenty-three royals and nobles who swore to observe ’true and pure fraternity’ within the Societas Draconis, a style subsequently misidentified as the Ordo Draconis (Hungarian: Sarkany Rend). Although the original Court was by no means an Order in the recognized chivalric sense, the misnomer was strategically retained for the purposes of identification.

Today, The Imperial and Royal Dragon Court exists as a a collective of individuals, comprised of those who, unlike Sigismund, can track their Ancestry back to the Progenitors of the Ancient SanGraal - the Elven, Grail and Dragon families and also for those whose bloodlines are affiliated with or are extracted from this descent.

This lineage can be traced directly to Egypt and is later preserved in Asia, by the Scythians. Coming from Hungary and Transylvania, St. Germain, being of noble blood himself, could not be unaware of this symbolic Dragon lineage. Reading between the lines, could this be the hidden cause of his trips to England and his continuous travels through Europe and the Orient?

Ferenc of Rákóczi, Prince of Transylvania, was Head of the First Hungarian Liberation Battle for the re-establishment of Hungarian Kingdom Authority in the fight for independence against the Habsburg Conquest.
This movement of all Hungarian people was a spiritual struggle extending across centuries.

The first Habsburg King acquired the Hungarian throne by a deal unacceptable to the people. Hungarian elites ridiculed the Habsburg Clan from the face of the Hungarian Royal State Formation. The independence by the Habsburg Clan, and the reestablishment of the Hungarian State Authority in her territory is the crucial movement cult of the Hungarian nation.
A symbolic dragon of the bloodline, Comte St.Germain, first son of Ferenc Rákóczi was kidnapped by the Habsburg clan as a punishment of Prince Rákótzi's sentiments against the Habsburgs.
He was adopted out because of the Habsburg's demand by the French Comte Family of St.Germain.
Joseph Rákóczi was the second son of Prince Ferenc Rákóczi and Amalie Princesse of Hessen, born in the French emigration of her father. The Conceptor and Head of the 2nd Hungarian Liberation's Battle against the Habsburg Empire was excommunicated by the Pope for this mission.

In 1784, the Bavarian Illuminati attempted to overthrow the Hapsburgs. Potentially involved, the Comte de Saint Germain, was also a paid agent of the French Revolution.

The late Sir Laurence Gardner, Chancellor of the Royal Court of the Dragon Sovereignty, based in Britain; Prior of the Celtic Church's Sacred Kindred of St Columba, was an "internationally known sovereign and chivalric genealogist."
Chevalier Labhran de Saint Germain, Gardner was Presidential Attache to the European Council of Princes - a constitutional advisory body established in 1946.  He was formally attached to the Noble Household Guard of the Royal House of Stewart, founded at St German-en-Laye in 1692, and was the Jacobite Historiographer Royal.

The House of Stuart, having taken over the presidency of the Council from the House of Habsburg-Austria, related it to its one-time Royal Academy, which was a very scientific establishment. In fact, in the 1700s in particular, it was highly Rosicrucian - very scientific and very Alchemical.

From the time of Robert the Bruce, the Chancellor of that organization was given the title Prince Saint Germain. This title had little to do with the 5th-century saint himself (except indirectly), but it had to do ultimately with the Stuart Royal Court in France, at the Palace of Saint Germain.

The Chancellor title was changed in the 1700s to Count Saint Germain, and in the 1890s it was changed again to become Chevalier Saint Germain. Sir Laurence Garnder’s present title is that of Chevalier Saint Germain - which is where the knighthood comes from.
As distinct from an English knighthood, his was a Franco-Scot distinction attached to the Stuart Royal Court of France (as ratified by King Louis XIV in 1692), in the key Noble Order of the Royal Palace of Saint Germain-en-Laye, near Paris.

Why was the kingly line which descended to Jesus and beyond so unique from the outset in old Mesopotamian times?
The Messianic succession of Grail Dynasts (or Dragon Kings) was Alchemically conceived and purpose-bred for the role of earthly Leadership.

The records of Ancient Sumer talk of the Anunnaki gods and their "creation chamber".
The great vulcans of the era produced the enigmatic Highward Fire-stone (the white powder of monatomic gold) that was used to feed the Light-bodies of the Babylonian Kings and Egyptian Pharaohs. This substance, when ingested, had stunning effects on the body's endocrinal system. The senior line of royal descent (a line that was genetically determined by the mitochondrial DNA of the Dragon Queens) can be followed down to the time of Moses.

As explained in Sir Laurence Gardner's "Genesis of the Grail Kings", the monarchs of the Grail succession were called Messiahs (Anointed Ones) because, in the early days in Mesopotamia and Egypt, they were anointed with the fat of the sacred Messeh (the holy dragon or crocodile). By virtue of this, they were also called Dragons.

The Dragon, emblematic of wisdom, was the epitome of the Holy Spirit, which, according to the Book of Genesis, moved upon the waters of time, while the Grail was the perpetual Blood Royal - the Sangréal. Originally, in old Mesopotamia, it was called the Gra-al - the Sacred Blood of the Dragon Queens - and it was said to be the "nectar of supreme excellence". The ancient Greeks called it ambrosia."

In Britain, the Tuatha Dé Danann (or Dragon Lords of Anu) were masters of the transcendent Sidhé, classified as "fates" or "fairies". Before settling in Ireland (from about 800 BC), they were the world's most noble race, alongside the early Kings of Egypt, being the Black Sea Princes of Scythia (now Ukraine).

Like the original Dynastic Pharaohs, they traced their descent from the great Pendragons of Mesopotamia; and from them sprang the kingly lines of the Irish Bruithnigh and the Picts of Scotland's Caledonia. In Wales they founded the Royal House of Gwynedd, while in Cornwall in the southwest of England, they were the sacred gentry known as the Pict-Sidhé - from which derives the term "pixie".

A single caste of the original Blood Royal - whether known as the Dragon Court, the Sangréal, the Albi-gens or the Ring Lords - contains many of the descriptive terms at the very heart of popular folklore.
In this singular noble race, we have the "elves", "fairies" and "pixies" --  not beguiling little folk, but distinguished Kings and Queens of the Dragon succession.

The Dragon was a Divine emblem of the Sumerian kings, Egyptian Pharaohs, a symbol of the Egyptian Therapeutate, of the Essenes at Qumran, and was the Bistea Neptunis (the sea serpent) of the descendant Merovingian Kings in Europe.

Extracts from
by Martin Lunn

"The Merovingians ruled much of present-day France and Germany between the fifth and seventh centuries.
The beginning of this time coincides with not only the Grail stories, but with the era of King Arthur, who was so central to many of these tales. There was never any question that the Merovingians were the rightful rulers of the Franks.

They were not "created" as kings.
The sons who were entitled became kings automatically on their twelfth birthdays. Their role was not to govern - that was left to the "Mayors of the Palace." They were simply expected to exist as representatives of the role, holding similar power and status to a twenty-first century constitutional monarch. They were also allowed the delights of polygamy and sometimes took great advantage of this privilege.

The origin of the Merovingian family name comes from that of their progenitor, Merovee (also styled "Merovech" or "Meroveus").
The name is reminiscent of both the French word for "mother" and the French and Latin words for "sea."
The legend is that Merovee was born of two fathers - the story that is told is no doubt allegorical and refers to the alliance of two dynasties through his birth.
It was said that his mother was already pregnant by her husband when she went swimming in the sea.
She was seduced by a sea creature who impregnated her for a second time. When Merovee was born therefore, the blood of two sources, that of his Frankish father, the ruler, and that of a "sea animal" ran through his veins.

From that time on, the Merovingians had a reputation for the occult and the supernatural. They were looked upon as priest-kings, much as the Egyptian pharaohs were regarded..........


Just before Pepin III was crowned, he married a Merovingian princess, presumably to legitimize himself in his own eyes, propelling the Merovingian genes once again in their rightful direction. Charlemagne married similarly.
In fact his misgivings even seemed to affect his coronation. He seemed determined to give the impression that he was bashful about becoming Holy Roman Emperor. The ceremony had been fixed so that it appeared that the Pope was crowning him without Charlemagne's prior knowledge. Charlemagne accepted the crown expressing the mock shock that film stars show when being awarded an Oscar. To add credence to the performance he insisted that he would never have entered the Roman cathedral if he had known that was going to happen.

The betrayal of Clovis by the assassination of Dagobert II has been the greatest source of anguish for the Priory of Sion and the Merovingian descendants. However, there seems to have been an attempt to mitigate the insult.

Thus the Carolingian royal family (the family of Emperor Charlemagne) married Merovingian princesses in order to legitimize themselves. Dagobert's son, Sigisbert, was the ancestor of Guillem de Gellone, ruler of the Jewish kingdom of Septimania in southern France and later of Godfroi de Bouillon, who captured Jerusalem during the Crusades. Thereby the bloodline of Jesus Christ, the Davidic line, was restored back to the throne that had been rightfully its own since the time of the Old Testament.

There can be little reasonable doubt that Jesus was actually married. As we see will in Chapter Eight on the marriage of Jesus Christ, the heir to the Davidic line was required by law to marry. Not only that - they were required to sire at least two sons (an "heir and a spare," as they say about the British royal family.) Such present-day non-traditional lifestyle choices or relationships simply did not exist in first century Judea. Marriage for those of the Davidic line was ritualized to the extent of making redundant any necessity for romanticism.

The necessity of continuing the survival of the line in such a rural and, at the same time, persecuted community was paramount to all. Jesus and his wife, Mary Magdalene, after fleeing from the Holy Land, had several children who were brought up in a Jewish community in southern France. Jesus had been known as a "fisher" from the time that he was admitted into the priesthood in the Order of Melchizedek, as described in Hebrews 5.


The descendants of Jesus Christ had reached positions of influence and importance by 1100 in Europe and also, through Godfroi de Bouillon, in Palestine.
Even though they may have been well aware of their ancestry, they may not have been able to prove it without the documentary or other proof that remained at the Temple of Solomon. This would explain the excavations that the Knights Templar made around the area of the Temple at that time.

On the basis of the evidence that Leigh, Baigent, and Lincoln found,(authors of 'Holy Blood, Holy Grail') , it appears that not only were the Knights Templar sent to Jerusalem to find something, but that they did, in fact, succeed, and returned with it to England. It is unclear what happened to it then, but it is known that the fourth Grand Master of the Order of the Temple, Bertrand de Blanchefort, concealed something near Rennes-le-Chateau and German miners were brought to construct a hiding place.

There is speculation over what this "something" may have been, ranging from Jesus' marriage certificate and/or birth certificates of his children to his mummified body. Any of these may have been passed to the heretical Cathar sect in the area of Languedoc near Rennes-le-Chateau, who were massacred mercilessly by 30,000 of the Pope's soldiers in 1209. Treasure was hidden at the Cathar stronghold of Montsegur, which was under siege for ten months until March 1244.
Once the Merovingians re-established themselves in Jerusalem, they could better afford to make the facts known. This explains why the Grail romances, which were associated so closely with the Knights Templar, started appearing at this time".

Eventually no doubt the full truth of the Merovingian kings would have come out and they would have ruled extensively over Europe, replacing the Pope and making Jerusalem the capital of the Christian world. If Jesus had been accepted as a mortal prophet, a priest-King and the descendant of the Davidic line by Christians, he may also have been accepted by the Muslims and Jews. That would obviously have changed Middle East history drastically. However, this was not the course of history and the Frankish kingdom of Jerusalem did not succeed. With the loss of the Holy Land in 1291 to the Muslims, the Merovingians were sidelined and the Knights Templar rendered redundant. Since that time, the Roman Catholic Church has continued to strengthen at the expense of the truth

Lecture by Laurence Gardner

From the earliest of Sumerian and Scythian times, over 5,000 years ago, the abiding symbol of wholeness, unity and eternity was the Ring. In those days, the kings-of-kings were also styled Ring Lords by virtue of their Rings of office which symbolised divinely inspired justice. They were golden circlets which, as time progressed, were often worn as head-bands - ultimately to become crowns.

As depicted in numerous reliefs, the Ring was a primary device of the Anunnaki gods, who were recorded as having descended into ancient Sumer and were responsible for the establishment of municipal government and kingly practice. In view of this, it is of particular relevance that, when the author J.R.R. Tolkien was asked, in the 1960s, about the Middle-earth environment of his book trilogy The Lord of the Rings, he said that he perceived its setting to relate to about 4000 BC.

Tolkien was an Oxford professor of Anglo-Saxon language and, in this regard, the root of his popular tale was extracted directly from Saxon folklore. Indeed, the early Saxon god Wotan (Odin) was said to have ruled the Nine Worlds of the Rings - having the ninth (the One Ring) to govern eight others.

As the generations passed from those ancient times, the ideal of dynastic kingship spread through the Mediterranean lands into the Balkans, the Black Sea regions and Europe. But, in the course of this, the crucial essence of the old wisdom was diluted and this gave rise to dynasties that were not of the original kingly race. Instead, many were unrelated warrior chiefs who gained their thrones by might of the sword.

The oldest complete version of the Ring Cycle comes from the Norse mythology of the Volsunga Saga. Compiled from more than forty separate legends, this Icelandic tale relates to the god Odin, to the kingdom of the Nine Worlds and to a dark forest called Mirkwood - a name later repeated by Tolkien in The Lord of the Rings. It tells of how Prince Sigmund of the Volsung dynasty is the only warrior able to pull the great sword of Odin from a tree in which the god had driven it to its hilt - as replicated in the Arthurian story of the sword and the stone. Additionally, we learn of the water-dwarf Andarvi, whose magical One Ring of red-gold could weave great wealth and power for its master - precisely as depicted in all related Ring legends.

Contemporary with the Volsunga Saga was a similar tale which appeared in and around Burgundy in the 1200s: a German epic called The Nibelungenlied. In this account, which follows a similar path, the hero is called Siegfried and the tale is given a knightly gloss of the Gothic era, while unfortunately losing some of the pagan enchantment of the Northern legend.

In ancient Sumer, the Anunnaki were said to have governed by way of a Grand Assembly of nine Councillors who sat at Nippur. The nine consisted of eight members (seven males and a female), who held the Rings of divine justice, along with their president, Anu, who held the One Ring to bind them all. This conforms precisely with the nine kingdoms of the Volsunga Saga, which cites Odin as the ultimate presidential Ring Lord.

In recent times there have been some astonishing archaeological discoveries which now prove that Sumerian was not the first written language as is commonly portrayed. Also that the Sumerian culture (generally held to be the earliest cradle of civilization) had an older origin in the Balkans, specifically in Transylvania and the Carpathian regions.

The earliest type of Mesopotamian writing, which preceded the strictly wedge-shaped Sumerian cuneiform, is known to be a little over 5,500 years old. It was found at Uruk in Sumer and at Jemdat Nasr, between Baghdad and Babylon, where the Oxford Assyriologist, Stephen Langdon, made numerous important discoveries in 1925. But, around thirty years ago a more significant find was subsequently made beneath the ancient village of Tartaria in Romania. Here were found clay tablets inscribed with a form of script which Carbon-14 dating and strata positioning have revealed to be more than 1,000 years older than the earliest Sumerian writings.

That was not the only surprise, however, for the Tartarian symbols were practically identical to those which emerged later in Mesopotamia. - and it was discovered that the very name of Ur (the capital of Sumer) came from the Scythian word Ur, meaning Lord. Not only that, but the name of Enki is clearly defined on one tablet in an identical form to that subsequently used in Sumer. Hence, it became very apparent that the Anunnaki culture was far more widespread than had previously been thought.

Another significant discovery was made high in the Altai Mountains between Siberia and Mongolia. There, preserved by the severe cold since the distant BC years, was found a Scythian burial mound, where the bodies of ancient chieftains, together with their horses, clothing and possessions had all been remarkably preserved from decay.

These were the people who, in the Black Sea steppe lands, first domesticated the horse in about 4000 BC. Consequently, the extent of their travels through the centuries and their influence on the various indigenous cultures is most impressive. It ranges geographically from Hungary and Romania, north into the Russian steppes and Siberia, eastwards across the Ukraine and Anatolia (modern Turkey), south into Syria and Mesopotamia, and still further east into Mongolia, Tibet and the Chinese border country.

Digging first commenced at the Altai site in 1927, but it was not until 1947 that the richest mound containing six separate tombs was discovered and the various bodies found. They were preserved not only by the extreme cold of the region, but also by skilled embalming. There was hair on their heads, but their brains had been removed, along with other internal organs (just as in Egyptian mummification).

Some way south of the Altai site, in the northern foothills of the Himalayas, are the centres of Hami, Loulan and Churchen. It was close to these places, nestling in the Tarim Basin below Mongolia, to the north of Tibet, that a number of similar discoveries were made as recently as 1994. Unlike the intensely cold climate of the Altai Mountains, this lower region of the Central Asian desert is quite different, as a result of which the bodies were preserved in the perfectly dry air, coupled with moisture-absorbing salt beds and, again, expert mummification.

Dated at around 4,000 years old, these interred men, women and children have undermined all the established history teaching of the area, which previously stated that no one of their type arrived there until about 120 BC. But there they were from 2,000 years earlier at the time of Abraham, when Egyptian pharaohs such as Tutankhamun and Ramesses the Great were more than 500 years into the future. These mummies, although contemporary with the mummies of ancient Egypt, are actually far better preserved.

Like their Romanian counterparts, the Himalayan mummies are of impressive stock, with light skin, auburn hair and pale eyes. The leather and woollen clad men stood at least 6-feet, 6-inches and upwards, while even the women were over 6-feet tall. Undoubtedly, these forebears of the Gaelic High Kings were among the most formidable warriors of their time, and their use of finely woven tartan cloth serves as identifiable proof of the plaid designs which they eventually brought into Ireland and Scotland.

From the 1st century, the Ring Lord culture fell into decline when various Roman emperors decreed that the Messianic heirs (the descendants of Jesus and his family) should be hunted down and put to the sword. This fact was recorded by eminent chroniclers such as Hegesippus, Africanus and Eusebius. Then, once the Roman Church was operative from the 4th century, the sacred dynasty was forever damned by the bishops.

It was this formal damnation which led to such events as the Albigensian Crusade in 1209 and the subsequent Catholic Inquisitions - for these brutal assaults by the papal machine were specifically directed against the upholders and champions of the original concept of Grail kingship, as against the style of pseudo-monarchy which had been implemented by the Bishops of Rome.

In practical terms, Church kingship has prevailed from the 8th century and has continued, through the ages, to the present day. But the fact is that, under strict terms of sovereign practice, all such monarchies and their affiliated governments have been invalid.

Church kingship is precisely that with which we have become so familiar. It applies to all monarchs who achieve their regnal positions by way of Church coronation by the Pope or other Christian leader (in Britain, by the Archbishop of Canterbury). Previously, in terms of true kingship, there was no necessity for coronation because kingly and queenly inheritance were always regarded as being 'in the blood'.

The change was made possible by way of a text called the Donation of Constantine - a document which led to just about every social injustice that has since been experienced in the Christian world. When the Donation made its first appearance in 751, it was alleged to have been written by Emperor Constantine some 400 years earlier, although strangely never produced in the interim. It was even dated and carried his supposed signature. What the document proclaimed was that the Emperor's appointed Pope was Christ's personally elected representative on Earth. He had the power to 'create' kings as his subordinates since his palace ranked above all the palaces in the world.

The provisions of the Donation were enacted by the Vatican, whereupon the Merovingian Kings of the Grail bloodline in Gaul were deposed and a whole new puppet-dynasty was supplemented by way of a family of hitherto mayors. They were dubbed Carolingians and their only king of any significance was the legendary Charlemagne. By way of this strategy, the whole nature of monarchy changed from being an office of community guardianship to one of absolute rule and, by virtue of this monumental change, the long-standing code of princely service was forsaken as European kings became servants of the Church instead of being servants of the people.

The fact is, however, that over 500 years ago in the Renaissance era, proof emerged that the Donation was an outright forgery. Its New Testament references relate to the Latin Vulgate Bible - an edition translated and compiled by St. Jerome, who was not born until AD 340, some 26 years after Constantine supposedly signed the document! Apart from that, the language of the Donation, with its numerous anachronisms in form and content, is that of the 8th century and bears no relation to the writing style of Constantine's day. But the truly ridiculous aspect is that the Donation's overwhelming dictate, which cemented the Pope as the supreme spiritual and temporal head of Christendom, has prevailed regardless.

Victimized prior to the formal Church Inquisition in the Middle Ages were the Cathars of the Languedoc region in the South of France. The Cathars were fully conversant with the Ring Lord culture and, in accordance with tradition, referred to the Messianic bloodline as the Elven Race, venerating them as the Shining Ones.

In the language of old Provence, a female elf was an 'albi', and Albi was the name given to the main Cathar centre in Languedoc. This was in deference to the matrilinear heritage of the Grail dynasty, for the Cathars were supporters of the Albi-gens - the elven bloodline which had descended through the Grail queens such as Lilith, Miriam, Bathsheba and Mary Magdalene. It was for this reason that, when Simon de Montfort and the armies of Pope Innocent III decimated the region from 1209, it was called the Albigensian Crusade.

The concept of calling the original princely race the Shining Ones, while also defining them as 'elves', dates well back into ancient Bible times and can be traced into Mesopotamia and Palestine. The ancient word El, which was used to identify a god or lofty-one (as in El Elyon and El Shaddai) actually meant Shining in old Mesopotamian Sumer. To the north in Babylonia, the derivative Ellu meant Shining One, while in Saxony and Britain it became Elf.

The concept of fairies was born directly from the Ring Lord culture and, deriving from the Greek word 'phare', the term related to a Great House, from which also stemmed the designation 'pharaoh'. In the Gaelic world, certain royal families were said to carry the fairy blood - that is to say, the fate or destiny of the Grail bloodline and of humankind at large. Meanwhile, the elf-maidens of the Albi-gens were the designated guardians of the earth, starlight and forest. It is for these reasons that fairies and elves have so often been portrayed as shoemakers and lamplighters, for the fairy cobblers made the shoes which measured the steps of life, while the Shining Ones of the elven race were there to light the way.

In national terms (although fairies present a widespread image), they are particularly associated with Ireland, where they are epitomized by the ancient people of the Tuatha Dé Danann. This formidable king tribe was, nevertheless, mythologized by the Christian monks, who rewrote the majority of Irish history to suit their own Church's vested interest in Ireland.

From a base of the monastic texts, which arose onwards from medieval times, it is generally stated that the Tuatha Dé Danann were the supernatural tribe of the agricultural goddess Danaë of Argos, but their true name (rendered in its older form) was Tuadhe d'Anu - the people (or tribe) of Anu, the great sky god of the Anunnaki.

Onwards from the year 751, the Church sought all possible measures to diminish the status of any royal strain emanating from the original Ring Lords so that the fraudulent Donation of Constantine could be brought into play. Henceforth, only the subjugative Church could determine who was a king, while the elves and fairies of the Albi-gens were manoeuvred from the forefront of history into a realm of apparent fantasy and legend.

Settling in Ireland from about 800 BC, the noble Tuadhe d'Anu hailed from the Central European lands of Scythia, which stretched from the Carpathian mountains and Transylvanian Alps, across to the Russian River Don. They were strictly known as the Royal Scyths and they were said to be the masters of a transcendent intellect called the Sidhé, which was known to the druids as the Web of the Wise.

As the Church rose to power, so the underground stream, which supported the Ring Lord culture, found strategic methods of preserving the traditions of the royal bloodline. In the course of this, the fairy tale concept was born - stories which were not unlike many of the parables inherent in the New Testament Gospels. They were likewise contrived 'for those with ears to hear', while others among the uninitiated would perceive them as no more than fanciful entertainment.

A focal message built into these fairy tales was an understanding of the importance of perpetuating the family line, regardless of the power of the bishops and the Church's puppet kings. The whole scenario was presented, time after time, as if it were a struggling nightmare, wherein the female (the elf-maiden who carried the essence of the strain) was out of reach of the prince, so that his torturous quest to find her was akin to the quest for the Holy Grail itself.

Consequently, many of the tales which emanated from this base were stories of lost brides and usurped kingship, based upon the Church's subjugation of the Grail bloodline. The fairy tale ideal was essentially geared to relate the truth of these persecutions. They were allegorical accounts of the predicament of the Messianic family, whose fairies and elves (having been manoeuvred from the mortal plane of orthodoxy and status quo) were confined to a contrived otherworldly existence.

They emerged as tales of valiant princes who were turned into frogs; of swan knights who roamed the wasteland, and of Grail princesses locked in towers, or put to sleep for hundreds of years. In the course of their persecution, the elf-maidens were pricked with bodkins, fed with poisoned apples, subjected to spells or condemned to servitude, while their champions swam great lakes, battled through thickets and scaled mighty towers to secure and protect the matrilinear heritage of the Albi-gens.

These romantic legends include such well-known stories as the Sleeping Beauty, Cinderella, Snow White and Rapunzel. In all cases, the underlying theme is the same, with the princess kept (through drugging, imprisonment or some form of restraint) out of reach of the prince, who has to find her and release her in order to preserve the dynasty and perpetuate the line.

It was during the period of France's Carolingian dynasty that the seeds of most of these popular stories were planted, and it is because of the inherent truths which lie behind the stories that we find them so naturally appealing. Some academics argue that fairy tales survive because they are often based upon a rags-to-riches doctrine, but this is not the case. They survive because deep within our psyche is an inherent, inbred awareness that the Grail (symbolised by the Lost Bride) has to be found if the wasteland is to return to fertility.

A primary feature of the traditional folklore related to the Ring and Grail quests is that it embodies a nominal terminology that was historically applicable to the Messianic dynasts. As cited, the terms fairy and elf each related to certain castes within the succession of the Shining Ones. But there were others - notably the pixies - who were of the utmost importance within the overall structure of the princely bloodline. Having the same Sidhé heritage as the historical elves and fairies, their familiar name derived from the description Pict-sidhé. In time, following their migration into Anjou, Ireland and the far North of Britain, they became better known, the Picts. They called their northern domain 'Caledonia' - the land of the Caille Daouine forest people.

The social structures of the Scythian Ring Lord were firmly centred upon designated seats of assembly which became known as Fairy Rings. These royal seats (from Scythia to Ireland) were known as Raths, which denoted round or circular constructions. On that account, the Round Table of Arthurian romance was designed to symbolize this concept. What is generally not recognized, however, is that (just like the Volsunga Saga and the Nibelungenlied) the Arthurian mythos is itself a very powerful Ring Cycle. The true legacy of the Round table lies not in the Table itself, but in the knights who sat at the table - for these noble emissaries represented the most important aspect of ancient lore by presenting themselves as a living, iron-clad Ring. In accordance with traditional Ring lore, the land fell into waste and chaos when the power of the Ring was usurped by virtue of Queen Guinevere being unfaithful to Arthur with Lancelot.

From around 1800 BC, the Kassites of Babylonia were predominant in the Rath culture. They gained their name from the word 'kassi', which meant 'place of wood' - the place in question being a sacred mound dwelling, variantly called a 'caddi'. By virtue of this, the Kassites were designated Wood Lords.

Following their time in Babylonia, they moved across Syria and Phoenicia into Europe and, eventually, to Britain where they established many great kingdoms within which the remnant of their name survived - the Welsh King Cadwallan, for example, and the earlier British King Casswallan, who reigned at about the time of Herod the Great. In each of these names the 'wallan' aspect is important since it was also the distinction of a Wood Lord - again with Mesopotamian roots. The original Wallans were called Yulannu, and it was from their ancient tradition that the winter solstice Yuletide festival derived before moving into Scandinavia.

Apart from the fairies, pixies and elves of history, there are others of the Shining Ones who are also said to inhabit the magical Land of Elphame; they are the sprites, goblins, gnomes and leprechauns.

The definition 'sprite' means no more nor less than a spirit person - one of the transcendental realm of the Sidhé. The original sprites were the ancient Scythian ghost warriors, who painted their bodies grey-blue to look like corpses when they entered the battlefield.

The 'goblin' description stems from the Germanic word kobelin, which denoted a mine-worker or one who worked underground. In the context of the Ring culture, goblins and gnomes were attendants of the Raths, wherein they were custodians of the wealth and wisdom of the ages, being essentially treasurers and archivists. It was their role as guardians of the treasures which led to their nominal distinction being used in association with banking, as in the Gnomes of Zurich. The word root is in the Greek equivalent of 'g-n-o', from which we derive gnosis (knowledge).

As for the 'leprechauns', they were the armoured horse troops of the Pict-sidhé. Their body armour was made from small overlapped plates of bronze, which tarnished to a greenish colour so they looked like lizards or dragons. In this regard, they were called 'lepra-corpan' (scaly body), a word corrupted in Ireland to leprechaun.

The Catholic Inquisition, although ostensibly set against heretics, managed to include all manner of groups and factions within this overall classification. Witchcraft was a common accusation, and into this particular net fell the gypsies. Any person with no fixed place of residence was regarded with suspicion because an itinerant lifestyle was perceived as a means by which to evade Church authority.

The main premise of Christianity was the promise of salvation as achieved through subservience to the bishops, aligned with the perpetuation of a serene afterlife in a heavenly environment. But how could the alternative notion of Hell be portrayed on Earth in a manner which would scare the life out of tentative believers or reluctant worshippers? Somehow Hell had to be given an earthly form, and what better than the notion of dead people who could not complete their dying because they were so hideously unclean - people who were, in fact, 'undead'. Such people, said the churchmen, had to roam the mortal world like lost souls with no dimension of life or death to call their own.

The concept was good enough in part, but it was really no more scary than the idea of ghosts with a physical form. Something else was needed; these beings had to become predators in order to make people fearful enough to lean wholly upon the Church for deliverance. So, what would all people, rich and poor alike, fear to lose the most if they were seeking salvation for their souls?

The answer to this question was found in the Bible - to be precise, in the Old Testament book of Leviticus, which states: "It is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul". It was therefore decided that the undead creatures would be said to prey upon people's blood, thereby divesting them of the route to atonement.

A problem to overcome in this regard was the fact that this Leviticus statement was part of a very ancient Hebrew law and had little or nothing to do with Christianity. But a way was soon found to cope with the anomaly when the Church ruled that every good Christian who partook of the Communion wine was figuratively drinking the blood of Christ. This divine blood then became a part of his or her own body and any creature which then extracted blood from such a person was reckoned to be stealing the blood of Christ!

These bloodthirsty revenants could only be repelled, it was decreed, by such devices as holy water and the crucifix. And so the Church introduced a truly fearsome creature into its subjugative mythology. They were classified as vampires - a word which derived from the old Scythian title for a kingly overlord of the Rath - a Lord of the Rings.

In summary it can be said that the ancient progenitors of our culture and spiritual heritage have never been positively featured in our academic teachings. Instead, their reality was quashed from the earliest days of Roman suppression as the literal diminution of their figures caused a parallel demolition of their history - to be portrayed as the fairies, elves, pixies and vampires of legend.

Notwithstanding this, the sovereign culture, from which derived all the so-called mythology that sits so comfortably within our collective memory comes from one place alone.  It comes from a place and time which, to use J.R.R. Tolkien's definition, might just as well be called Middle-earth as by any other name.

It comes from the long distant Realm of the Ring Lords ....

           "If one knows beyond any doubt that one is of the Dragon Blood, then the Doors to the Infinite can be opened wide.

The Planet needs its Elves and Faeries back, so the saying goes.  
It needs the people for whom Order and Empathy come instinctively and whose Love of the Natural World comes before all else and arises spontaneously from the Depths of their Eternal Souls. 

Above all the Planet needs its Firstborn Dragons to know who they are themselves."